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Preparing for Total Knee Replacement

Knee injuries can result from twisting, falling, or direct contact. Ligament injuries are common in sports like football, soccer, and basketball. However, knee injuries can occur in many other instances. Surgery is often necessary to regain proper function.

Steps to Recovery
Steps to Recovery

Step 1 Physical Evaluation
Step one is to have your knee evaluated by a physician. The physician will consider your symptoms and conduct a physical exam to evaluate your knee's strength, stability, and range-of-motion. X-rays, MRIs (Magnetic Resonance Imaging), and additional tests may be required to show internal injuries. Based on your examination, your physician will let you know if surgery is necessary or if exercise (whether at home or through an external physical therapy facility) would suffice to improve your knee's function..

Steps to Recovery

X-rays are used to detect bone injuries & malfunctions

Steps to Recovery

MRIs are used to detect soft tissue & bone damage & malfunction

The results of your physical examination and testing will determine which surgical procedure, if any, would be necessary to restore optimized function.

Blood tests may be used to confirm or rule out various types of arthritis.

Step 2 Preparing for Surgery
Part of the preparation process is understanding the risks of undergoing surgery and the process for recovery. Your physician will explain these risks, as well as the steps you need to take prior to your surgery, such as: * Do not eat or drink anything after midnight the night before your surgery. * Advise your physician of any prescription and/or over-the-counter medication you are taking * Clarify anything you do not understand about the surgery and/or recovery process. Although a little pre-surgical anxiety is normal, asking questions will help to ease your tension. * Make necessary arrangements for getting to/from the physician's operation facility, as well as any necessary crutches and/or brace.

Step 3 Day of Surgery
On the day of surgery, you will be asked to arrive at the hospital early to prepare for your surgery. Once in the surgery room, the anesthesiologist will administer anesthesia so that you will be asleep during the procedure. Once you are asleep, your surgeon will make several incisions in your knee and proceed to make necessary repairs. Once the surgeon is finished, the anesthesiologist will revive you and you will be transferred to a recovery room. The surgery generally takes 2-3 hours.

Step 4 During Surgery
With special instruments, your surgeon will remove any diseased tissue and will reshape the bones so that the new joint will fit properly. The implant will then be placed. The artificial joint is comprised of smooth metal and plastic parts. The surgeon may only replace the portions of the joint that are damaged. At times a curved piece of plastic is attached to replace lost cartilage.

Steps to Recovery

Although open knee surgery requires a larger incision than arthroscopy, your surgeon will still try to minimize scarring.

 

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Fracture Info

Sprains and Strains

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