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Your Knees

Your Knees

Your knees allow you to walk, run, sit, squat, kneel, and perform many of your daily activities. Within your knee, you have ligaments that help provide stability in movement. If you injure these ligaments, you may loose normal mobility and may also experience pain and swelling. Healthy knees are vital to an active lifestyle.

Anatomy of the Knee

Healthy knees provide optimum leg movement. but when a knee is injured, it can greatly hinder the body's flexibility. Because of the anatomy of the knee, it is vulnerable to injury and malfunction.

Your knee is composed of:

  • Ligaments - help control knee motion and provide support.
  • Cartilage - cushions joint and absorbs shock Patella - kneecap.
  • Lateral Collateral Ligament (LCL) - surrounds kne and limits sideways motion.
  • Articular Cartilage - lines ends of bones and helps smooth movement.
  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) - connects femur to tibia and limits rotation.
  • Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL) - runs down inside of knee joint, connects the femur to the tibia and limits
  • sideways motion.
  • Meniscus Pads - cartilage that absorbs shock.
  • Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) - connects femur and tibia and limits backward motion of the tibia.
  • Tendons - join muscle to bone.

Injuries can result from twisting, falling, or direct contact. Ligament injuries are common in sports like football, soccer, and basketball. However, knee injuries can occur in many other instances. Treatment is often necessary to regain proper function.

Anatomy of the Knee

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