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Your Ankle

Three bones make up the ankle joint

  • Tibia ("shin bone")
  • Fibula (small bone on the outside of your ankle)
  • Talus (a foot bone)
Your Ankle

The tibia and fibula have specific parts that make up the ankle:

  • Medial malleolus: Inside part of the tibia
  • Posterior malleolus: Back part of the tibia
  • Lateral malleolus: End of the fibula

Two joints are involved in ankle fractures:

  • Ankle joint
  • Syndesmosis: The joint between the tibia and fibula, which is held together by ligaments

Multiple ligaments help make the ankle joint stable.

What are the most prevalent foot and ankle injuries?

Ankle sprains -Sprained ankles are one of the most common injuries in sports. Because the inner ankle is more stable than the outer ankle, the foot is likely to turn inward (ankle inversion) from a fall, tackle, or jump. This stretches or tears ligaments; the result is an ankle sprain. The lateral ligament on the outer ankle is most prone to injury.

Achilles tendon injury -The strongest and largest tendon, the Achilles tendon connects muscles in the lower leg with the heel bone. Sports that tighten the calf muscles, such as basketball, running and high-jumping can overstress this tendon and cause a strain (Achilles tendinitis) or a rupture. A direct blow to the foot, ankle, or calf can also cause it.

Overuse injuries -Excessive training, such as running long distances without rest, places repeated stress on the foot and ankle. The result can be stress fractures and muscle/tendon strains.

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